Believe we all know many friends machine, battery in cold weather is easy to lack of electricity, but don't know how to correct itself to maintain battery.
We all know that the battery is the main energy storage device on the locomotive, provide power for all the electronic system on the vehicle.
Modern locomotive electronic level is higher and higher, especially if you have some of vehicle equipped with the shoot the light, electronic energy consumption of auxiliary equipment, such as the GPS anti-theft system, micro electric current generated by the more they will accelerate the discharge of battery, so a few days, the battery power shortage will lead to paralysis of the vehicle.
Let's talk about battery below.
One commonly used battery attribute classification is introduced in the first place, we learn about the structural properties of the battery.
So-called is chemical energy storage battery, a necessary release electricity an electrochemical device.
Battery? What are the categories: general use on cars, motorcycles, electric moped battery for lead-acid battery.
Common lead-acid battery has two kinds, one kind is water type lead-acid battery, another kind is free WeiHuXing lead-acid storage battery.
At the high end point is lithium battery, we should have been very familiar with, is widely used in relatively high-end industry.
Common battery plate is made up of lead and lead oxide, the electrolyte is sulfuric acid aqueous solution.
It is the main advantage of voltage stability, the price is cheap;
Defect is lower than can (
The battery storage of electricity per kg)
, short service life and maintenance frequency.
Maintenance-free battery due to its structural advantages, the consumption of the electrolyte is very small, in the service life of the basic don't need to add distilled water.
It also has a shock resistant, high temperature resistant, small volume, the characteristics of uniformity.
General twice of the normal battery service life.
The free maintenance battery on the market has two kinds: the first in one-time add electrolyte later use when buying does not need maintenance (
Add supplementary liquid)
Battery itself is another good factory had already added electrolyte and block, users won't add supplementary fluid.
Lithium battery is a kind of lithium metal or lithium alloy anode materials, the use of water battery electrolyte solution.
General is the use of lithium manganese dioxide as positive pole material, metal or its alloy metal anode materials for batteries, the use of water electrolyte solution.
Lithium battery can be roughly divided into two categories: lithium battery and lithium ion batteries.
It has the advantage of light weight, battery capacity, specific energy, high voltage, circulation use of the advantages of long life, small self-discharge.
2 what reason can cause excessive discharge when parked waiting for avoid the use of high-power electrical appliances.
High-power electrical appliances including headlights, fog lights, warning lights, etc.
Check that the headlights and before you leave the car roof parking lights are closed.
In general, a normal full charge the battery can let the headlight work for two hours.
With fewer battery rated capacity, headlight to work for shorter time.
Long time no vehicle battery cathode should be pulled down.
Especially in the winter, because the parking, car circuit system is also a weak current consumption and let stand for long vehicles will cause the battery runs out.
So, to do not use the vehicle for a long time, we should be pulled down the battery cathode, avoid battery cost too rapidly.
Three common battery locomotive maintenance method in battery using more than 1 years later, capacity and discharge capacity will drop.
General automotive battery
life no more than 3 years.
Of course, maintain a good battery life will be longer.
Let's learn the water type lead-acid batteries and avoid WeiHuXing lead-acid battery maintenance method.
Due to avoid WeiHuXing batteries and battery fluid level without opening is scale.
We need the 'magic eye' on the battery to judge the state of the battery.
Magic eye for the green said the battery is normal, charging;
Magic eye is black said need to recharge;
Magic eye is white said the battery needs to be replaced.
Lead-acid batteries battery fluid is a mixture of sulfuric acid and distilled water.
Battery discharge, the water will become more and sulfuric acid will become less, this leads to the battery fluid density decreased;
When charging,, on the other hand, will get more water will be less and sulfuric acid.
Reflects the batteries battery liquid concentration ratio of liquid water and sulphuric acid.
Normal electrolyte density is 1.
In the summer)
The unit is gram per cubic centimeter)
As friends, we should check the battery fluid level on a regular basis.
When the battery liquid distilled water shall be added to the appropriate level.
After add distilled water to the battery, we should check the battery fluid density, keep battery liquid density within a reasonable range.
Especially in winter, the locomotive will not ride with for a long time, battery power is not timely supplement, lead to chronic loss of electricity.
The best solution is to regularly supplemental power battery once a month (
Are equipped with electronic devices, in particular, if long time not to ride, be sure to remove the battery cathode, every half a month to charge)
If you have to be sure, not everyone has the charger you trouble again, it might as well put the motorcycle ignition charge for a while, by the blazing car, drive drive moisture, kill two birds with one stone.
4 small current can't ignore the locomotive after lock the car, electronic systems of the vehicle actually work in standby state, will obtain a weak electric current from battery, so do not use it for a long time can also lead to battery power shortage.
If discover vehicles still a short time is short of electricity, in addition to check the battery case, also check when car let stand a weak electric current is too large.
Vehicles stand for weak current is too large it is possible that the car electric circuit part caused by iron, or because of equipped with electronic auxiliary equipment energy consumption is too high, if not processing will cause potential safety hazard, early discharge at the same time the battery over time, and also can shorten the life.
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